America is the second largest continent on the planet, representing 8.4% of the total surface of the planet. Surrounded by two oceans, the Atlantic and the Pacific. It is one of the most diverse territories in the world in terms of culture, environment, demography and politics. It can be divided into three regions - North America, Central America and South America - and culturally in two - Latin America and Anglo-Saxon America.
Despite being composed of many countries (35) and having a large population, about 12% of the world’s population. America is a continent with a significant economic and social gap. While North America exposes high levels of development to all scales, represented in the United States and Canada. Latin America, on the other hand is the paradigm of inequality. Countries with a lot of wealth and, at the same time a lot of poverty, there is no socioeconomic balance.
The extraction of natural resources and exports are the main engines of the Latin American economy, which was seriously affected by the economic crisis of 2008 and the fall in the price of oil. Although the economy of the region has been recovering, governments continue to adopt measures to maintain consumption and controlled commercial dynamics. Average inflation in Latin America in 2016 was 5.61% and it is expected that by 2022 it will decrease to 3.42%. These strategies are aimed at the development of the continent, driven by the northern and emerging economies in order to be stable and attractive to the rest of the planet.